Whole peas are husked and about 1/4 of an inch wide and pale green in colour. Split peas tend to have a mild flavour and soft texture, having more of an earthy flavour than the whole dried pea. Whole Yellow Peas are an acceptable substitute for fresh peas in a recipe, and they differ from Whole Green Peas only in colour. Peas - Not Just for Soup! Whole Yellow Peas (Psum Sativum) are part of the legume family. Peas have a very ancient history being domesticated before 6000 BC in the near east. From here they spread across Asia, through China and also through the Mediterranean. Both Greek and Roman civilizations relied on dried peas as an important ingredient in their diets. When it comes to health and quality of life, calories matter. Whole or split, peas are a nutrient-dense food, meaning they contain a high amount of nutrients but are low in calories. Peas are a good source of vitamins A and B, potassium and magnesium. They're also very low in fat and a good source of protein. A 1/2-cup serving of cooked peas contains 115 calories. Tasty Tips and Storage Enjoy yellow peas in Indian Dahl, pea soup or substitute for fresh peas in recipes. Soaking whole peas for up to 6 hours can save about 30 minutes in cooking time. Fresh peas can cook in about 45 minutes. Older peas may take up to an hour to soften. Stored in our resealable bags or an airtight container in a cool, dry place, split or whole dried peas can be stored for years.